How To Position Yourself On The Bowling Approach
The arrows are located about 15 feet past the foul line toward the pins and are in a triangular configuration. The arrows are also commonly referred to as "guides" or "dovetails." From bowler's right to left (for right handed bowlers), the arrow nearest the edge of the lane is referred to as the "first arrow" and is located on the 5 board of the lane surface, about 5 inches from the edge of the lane. Continuing to the bowler's left, the next arrow is the "second arrow" which is located on the 10 board. The "third arrow" is located on the 15 board, the "fourth arrow", or center arrow, is located on the 20 board, "the fifth arrow" on the 25 board, the "sixth arrow" on the 30 board, and the final "seventh arrow" on the 35 board. The arrows are symmetrically placed on the lane. Using a reverse reference system is recommended for left handed bowlers.
The circular guides embedded or stamped onto the approach just behind the foul line correspond to the 7 boards of the arrows down the lane. The largest guide is located on the 20 board, the center board of the lane and aligns with the center of the 7 targeting arrows. Each guide at the foul line, both to the right and to the left of the center guide, is positioned 5 boards apart from the adjacent guides in the same manner as are the arrows. If you trace back from the foul line, you will find another set of guides on the approach 12 feet behind the foul line and yet another set of guides 3 feet further back from the 12 foot guides. Usually, there are 5 guides at the 12 foot position on the approach and those guides align on the same boards as the center 5 guides at the foul line and down the lane with the center 5 arrows. The same is true 15 feet from the foul line where the center 5 guides align with the 5 guides at the 12 foot [position on the approach. There is generally seven to nine guides at the 15 foot position near the back of the approach.
The approach guides are used primarily for alignment to the targeting arrows. Since the maintenance team at any given bowling center typically sets up the lane oiling machine to apply the heaviest concentration of oil on the front end of the lane between the foul line up to a distance perhaps of 20 feet (just beyond the distance where the 4th arrow is located) and across the lane between the 2nd arrow and the 6th arrow (the 10th board from both edges of the lane). In this case, it is suggested that a bowler will align his strike ball delivery to the pocket in such a way as to roll the bowling ball toward the second arrow with an appropriate angle from the release point just beyond the foul line as to allow the ball to continue down the lane to the pocket.
If a bowler rolls a slight curve or hook delivery, then the ball should contact the lane just beyond the foul line on about the 12 or 13 board, roll over the 2nd arrow (the 10 board), and then the ball will change directions about two-thirds of the way down the lane at the break point and head toward the pocket located at the 17.5 board. If this example of releasing the ball on the 13 board just past the foul line is used to target the 2nd arrow down the lane, then where shall you stand on the approach to properly position yourself before you walk to the line and deliver the bowling ball?
In the case if you are a right handed bowler, if the center of your bowling ball is released on the lane just beyond the foul line about 1-3 feet distance past the line, then your sliding shoe is normally the left shoe. The slide shoe should enter the sliding area of the approach very near the foul line (ending perhaps 2-4 inches behind the line) and the instep of the shoe should slide into the line pointing fairly straight so the toe faces the pins which also helps keeping your hips and shoulders aligned to your target down the lane. The instep of your sliding shoe is located about two boards right of the exact center of your slide shoe.
If you allow about 1 inch of space between the inner side of the bowling ball as it passes by your sliding shoe, then the instep of your sliding shoe will cover the 18 board on the approach at the foul line and your toe will point to the 20 board or the center guide. In this example, the reference to this alignment positioning on the approach goes as follows:
- Stand on 18 board - (with the instep of your sliding shoe covering the 18 board)
- Walk a straight line to the foul line and slide on the same 18 board - (if you walk either right or left 2 boards, as example, from your initial starting position on the 18 board, then adjust your starting position 2 boards to compensate)
- Slide with your sliding shoe covering the 18 board at the line.
- Release the ball where the center of the ball contacts the lane on the 13 board - (the diameter of the ball plus a small bit of room so the ball does not contact your ankle or shoe passing quickly into the release zone).
- Target the 2nd arrow (10 board) 15 feet down the lane. (you may have to sight to the right 1 or 2 boards of the 2nd arrow since most right handed bowlers miss the board they are sighting by 1 or 2 boards left of the target)
The 18 board is a good place to initially position yourself on the approach and the 2nd arrow is a good place for an initial alignment but it is not necessarily the correct board to stand or to sight when targeting the pins. You may have to use a board located to the right or to the left of the 2nd arrow and make the correct adjustment in order to roll your ball and contact the pocket depending on your type of delivery, the speed you roll your bowling ball, and the ball surface and core construction you select.